Minimally Invasive Surgery also known as scarless surgery is the Holy Grail of surgery and the very purpose for this surgery was the reduction of scars and thereby pain and suffering of patients. The surgery is done through one or more small incisions instead of the traditional open surgery. Another type of minimally invasive surgery is robotic surgery. It provides a magnified, 3-D view of the surgical site and helps the surgeon operate with precision, flexibility and control.
1) Lesser pain
2) A shorter hospital stay
3) Fewer complications
4) Faster recovery
5) Better cosmetic result - No visible scar like in open surgery
Types of Minimally Invasive Surgery Performed
Adrenalectomy to remove one or both adrenal glands
Anti-reflux surgery, sometimes called hiatal hernia repair, to relieve gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Cancer surgery, for example, to destroy a tumor
Chest (thoracic) surgery
Cholecystectomy, to remove gallstones that cause pain
Colectomy to remove parts of a diseased colon
Colon and rectal surgery
Ear, nose and throat surgery
Endovascular surgery to treat or repair an aneurysm
Gallbladder surgery (cholecystectomy) to remove gallstones that cause pain
Gastroenterologic surgery, including for gastric bypass
Living donor kidney transplant
Splenectomy to remove the spleen
Thoracic surgery, such as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy
With the marriage of surgery and technology, applications of laparoscopic surgery/minimal access surgery are increasing exponentially. Over the last few years, Minimally Invasive Surgery has become popular, for good reason - this surgery has the advantage of not leaving behind any visible scars since the incision is made within the umbilicus and heals without any noticeable scars. Perhaps blood loss, pain and recovery time associated is also less as procedure performed is from 1 incision rather than 3 or 4 incisions.
However, there are risks of complications with anesthesia, bleeding or infection and not everyone is suitable for this type of surgery. A few factors will be taken in consideration such as the patient's health condition, age and how serious is the disease will determine the decision.
H/T: Mayo Clinic
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